Per apa 431 to 438, write out numbers as words to express numbers up to nine (eg, three, seven, eight), and use numerals to express numbers 10 or above ( eg, 11, 23, 256) take the apa style diagnostic quiz to test related resources apa formatting & style: beyond citing sources (webinar) · listing the facts. A numbers 10 and above examples: 12 years old, the 57th trial, 12 cm wide b numbers that precede a unit of measurement examples: 5-mg dose, 363 mm c numbers that represent statistical or mathematical functions, fractional or decimal quantities, percentages, and ratios examples: multipled by 5, 33. If the periodical does not use volume numbers, as in newspapers, use p or pp for page numbers note: unlike other periodicals, p or pp precedes page numbers for a newspaper reference in apa style examples: harlow, h f (1983) fundamentals for preparing psychology journal articles journal of comparative and. The american psychological association's (2010) publication manual of the american psychological association provides extensive information and examples on using numbers this tip will focus on the basics, so please refer to the manual for more information a general rule: “use numerals to express. “use words for approximations of numbers of days, months, and years (eg, about three months ago” (apa publication manual, 431e, p 112) the manual is silent about approximations of weeks, decades, or centuries in the absence of specific instructions, use your own judgment to format approximations.
Apa in-text citation style uses the author's last name and the year of publication, for example: (field, 2005) for sources such as websites and e-books that have no page numbers, use a paragraph number cite web pages in text as you would any other source, using the author and date if known. Some formats match apa (mla used to) some require issue numbers unless the complete date (ie, month and year) is given some, like icmje, gives the option of omitting both issue number and month if the journal is continuously paginated in other words, the issue numbers should be in the references. By david becker so far we have covered the general differences between mla and apa styles and reviewed how their rules differ when creating in-text citations and reference list entries however, a reader asked that we cover another difference between the two styles: how they present numbers,. Numbers: always spell out a number in words if it begins a sentence generally spell out the numbers one through ten in words use figures for numbers above ten watch this webinar to learn about apa style and how to format your paper in microsoft word 2010, according to ashford university guidelines and apa style.
Apa-style running head and page numbers using microsoft word to format your paper this guide was written by mr jay brandes, global campus librarian, troy university updated 12/20/11 the issue at hand in the publication manual of the american psychological association, sixth edition: section 201 (page 23). In the text, cite references beginning with a number with the first two pieces of the reference list entry: here, that's the title and the year because the reference has no author if the title in the reference list is nonitalic, put the title in double quotation marks in the in-text citation and captialize it using title case.
Guidelines for precision of decimal fractions are found in apa 435 437 apa6 437 commas in numbers use commas between groups of three digits in most figures of 1,000 or more exceptions: page numbers, binary digits, serial numbers , degrees of temperature, acoustic frequency designations, degrees of freedom. In-text no page numbers (internet resources)  use the author or author's surname(s), the date of publication, paragraph number if no author is given, use the title of the document or headings do not include initials or full names of the author or author's first name(s) when using a narrative, write out. Apa american psychological association rules for formatting papers, in-text citations, and end references examples based on the sixth edition of the the volume number follows the title of the book and comes after the edition statement (when there is one), it is enclosed in parentheses example: scott, l (2011. Numbers apa rules for numbers state: use figures for numbers 10 and above ( 12 of the subjects) for numbers above and below 10 grouped for comparison (2 of 16 responses) for numbers representing time, dates, and age (3 years ago, 2 hr 15 min) for numbers denoting a specific place in a series, book, or table ( table 3.
In first page header area, delete page number the second page will still be numbered 2 to start numbering on second page with number 1, click on the insert tab, in the headers & footers group, click page number, and then click format page numbers in the page number format pop-up box, choose. Throughout the body, in-text citations are used and include the author's/authors' name(s) and the publication year in apa format page numbers are not used in in -text citations ex: (wilkonson, 2009) for more information about how to cite properly please see easybib's guides for apa citations based on the sources you are. Style guidelines from the american psychological association help writers maintain a uniform way of writing because apa style is used for scientific and clinical writing, numbers are often included readers can more easily understand information when it is consistently communicated in one one way many rules also help.